The gums and bone around the teeth are known collectively as the periodontium. Therapy to help maintain the health of these tissues is called periodontal treatment.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, can start as inflamed and bleeding gums (gingivitis) and progress to infection and extensive bone loss around the teeth. If it is not treated, periodontal disease will result in tooth loss because the foundation of the teeth is compromised.
Periodontal disease is commonly caused by the buildup of calculus (tartar) on the teeth. The calculus contains toxins and bacteria that cause an inflammatory response from the bone and the tissue. As these tissues are lost or damaged over time, it becomes harder to keep the area clean.
Some people are naturally more prone to periodontal disease, but diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, general health and oral hygiene are also factors. Most cases of periodontal disease can be prevented with a good daily routine of brushing and flossing, accompanied by regular professional cleanings at your dentist’s office.
When treating a case of periodontal disease, the first priority is a thorough cleaning to remove accumulated bacteria and toxins from the calculus. We may need to freeze areas where deeper cleaning is required. Our hygienists at Affinity Dental Sherwood Park are trained and licensed to administer local anesthesia.
In severe cases, the dentist may have to open the gums to access and thoroughly clean the root surfaces in an attempt to save the teeth. Antibiotic therapies and rinses may also be used to disinfect the area and keep everything healthy.
Contact Affinity Dental Sherwood Park today to learn more about periodontal treatment.